Understanding Laparoscopic Hysterectomy: What to Expect

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Understanding Laparoscopic Hysterectomy: What to Expect

Laparoscopic hysterectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that removes the uterus and, in some cases, the cervix. It is generally considered a safer and less painful alternative to traditional abdominal hysterectomy, which requires a large incision. Laparoscopic hysterectomy is often used to treat uterine fibroids, endometriosis, and some types of cancer. It may also be used to treat pelvic pain that has not responded to other treatments.

What to Expect Before Surgery

Before undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy, you will need to have a thorough medical evaluation. This will include a physical exam, blood tests, and imaging tests such as an ultrasound or MRI. During the evaluation, your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits of the procedure and answer any questions you may have.

Your doctor may also advise you to make some lifestyle changes before surgery. This may include quitting smoking, losing weight, and avoiding certain medications or supplements.

What Happens During Surgery?

During the laparoscopic hysterectomy procedure, your doctor will make several small incisions in your abdomen. Through these incisions, a thin tube with a camera on the end (called a laparoscope) will be inserted. This allows your doctor to see inside your abdomen and uterus.

Your doctor will then use specialized instruments to remove the uterus and, if necessary, the cervix. The uterus and cervix are then sent to a lab for examination.

Recovery and Risks

Most people can go home the same day as the procedure and typically return to their normal activities within a few weeks. It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions for recovery, which may include avoiding strenuous activity and taking pain medications as needed.

As with any surgical procedure, there are risks associated with laparoscopic hysterectomy. These include infection, bleeding, and damage to nearby organs. Your doctor can discuss the risks with you in more detail.


Laparoscopic hysterectomy is a safe and effective way to remove the uterus and, in some cases, the cervix. It is generally less painful and has a shorter recovery time than traditional abdominal hysterectomy. However, it is important to discuss the risks and benefits of the procedure with your doctor before undergoing the surgery.

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